character-motivation-vs-role-function

LOOK GUYS …

… It’s all very well talking about character WOUNDS and FLAWS and HUBRIS and all that advanced characterisation malarkey. I’m not saying it’s bad, but we are jumping ahead of ourselves here.

There are non-negotiables when it comes to characterisation. You *have* to know

WHO is doing WHAT and WHY

in the story, at base level.

To do this, we can divide this up into 2 sections:

1) Character Motivation

Boiled down to its grass roots, character motivation looks like this:

  • The protagonist (aka ‘goodie’) usually wants or needs something, so has some kind of goal.
  • The antagonist (aka ‘baddie’) usually wants or needs to STOP the protagonist from getting that goal.

Most writers get the above. What they DON’T tend to get is that every important secondary character ALSO should have some sort of motivation, usually centering around this idea:

  • HELPING or HINDERING the protagonist in his/her goal

In other words, these important secondaries are either TEAM PROTAG or TEAM ANTAG at base level.

TOP TIP: If you know WHO your two main roles are, WHAT they want and WHY, then you can start adding characters on their respective ‘teams’.

2) Character Role Function

Role functions should not be confused with archetypes at this stage. It’s much simpler: every character has to have a REASON to *be* in the story – this is what script editors like B2W mean when they say ‘the character has to pull its weight’.

Usually, a protagonist’s need/want/goal and subsequent decisions will act as the catalyst for kicking the story off. The antagonist will be reactionary to that. (Sometimes, it will be the other way around, especially in the Thriller genre, but also in cases of a passive protagonist).

However, the secondaries must have role functions too, just like the protagonist and antagonist – that REASON for being in the story in the first place. Common role functions may include (but are not limited to):

  • Mentor
  • Best Friend
  • Love interest
  • Comic Relief
  • Prophet
  • Henchman

Perhaps it’s now more obvious how these types of role HELP or HINDER the protagonist in his/her goal? From this base level, a writer can combine/merge or create new role functions to this, taking in more advanced characterisation techniques.

TOP TIP: Ensuring each character has a specific objective (aka action, purpose, behaviour, FUNCTION!) in there narrative means again, you’re more likely to stay on target in knowing WHO your characters are, WHAT they’re doing in the story and WHY.

Happy writing!

teamprotag

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2 Responses to The ONLY 2 Things You Need To Know About Characterisation

  1. Hi Lucy

    Lovely article, very to the point. I’d only add one thing: “…. and why should I care?”

    I see so many scripts nowadays that are perfectly well constructed and written and yet I simply don’t care. “Why should I care?” is – I’m sorry to say – one of the most frequent notes I find myself scrawling in the margins.

    You can have the most brilliant writing in the world but if the reader simply doesn’t care, we haven’t yet even got to first base.

    Best wishes
    Charles

  2. Tully Archer says:

    Wait, so, you’re saying… “because I think he’s cool” is NOT a character function??

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